Asia is a blessed continent as it hosts the entire majestic and stunning Mountain over 8000m measured above the sea level. Majority of the tall mountains are located in the Himalayan and Karokaram range. 17 climbers from all over the world have reached the summit of the 14 Mountains that are above 8000m. 8 of 14 Eight thousanders lie in Nepal.
Here is a list of 10 highest peak in the world measured above the sea level:
Annapurna is a series of peak. The highest peak in the series is the Annapurna-I and is the tenth highest peak. Located at the north central Nepal it stands 8091m. Annapurna is a Sanskrit word and gives the literal meaning of “full of food” and translation meaning of “Goddess of harvests”. It is amongst one of the dangerous peaks to climb and fatality % exceeds 40. It is a 55km long route and takes 54 days to climb walking 6 hours a day. It was first conquered by Lachenal and Herzog in 1953.
Nanga Parbat is Urdu for “Naked Mountains”. Nanga Parbat is an absolute exhibition. This mountain is located in Pakistan and stands 8162m and is ranked 9th highest peak in the world. It is 2nd highest peak after K2 in Pakistan. It is also referred to as “Killer Mountain” and used to be very risky to climb in the past: 31 people died once in a single attempt and is still difficult to climb in present days. It takes 50 days to escalate the mountain and March-May is the best season. It was first escalated by Austrian Herman Buhl in 1956.
Located in west-central part of Nepal in the Mansiri himal of Nepalese Himalayas, Manasalu is the 8th highest peak that stands 8163m tall. Manasalu gets its nomenclature from Sanskrit and it means “Mountain of the Spirit”. It was first mounted by members of Japanese expedition in 1956.
Dhaulagiri is situated at the north of Central Nepal and is 8167m. Dhaulagiri literally means “White Mountain”. It is the 7th highest Mountain and was believed to be the highest Mountain in the past. The region offers dramatic natural sceneries. It is the easiest mountain to ascend in the 8000 meters category. Dhaulagiri can be ascended for testing oneself before climbing other mammoth mountains. It was first ascended by a Swiss team in 1960.
Cho Oyu is ranked 6th in the list and gives the literal meaning of “Turquoise Goddess” in Tibetan language. It lies at the Tibet-Nepal border and is one of the major peaks of the Khumbu-Section of the Mahalangur Himalaya. It used to be a popular warm up trail before climbing Everest. It stands 8201m tall and first clambered by Austrian Tichy and Jochler with Nepali Pasang Dawa in 1954. It is comparatively easy to climb this Mountain than the others in the category of “Eight Thousanders”.
Makalu is an isolated peak at 8481m shaped like a four-sided pyramid. It is the 5th highest peak located at southeast of the Everest on Nepal-China border. It is one of the impressive massifs in the Khumbu region. Makalu is a double peak. Makalu-II is another peak that lies northeast of the peak. Makalu-II however doesn’t meet the requirement and reputation of the Eight Thousanders. The summit of Makalu represents the separation point of Nepal and China. 53 days is the time required to climb the Mountain. It was first climbed by a French team in 1955.
Located at the Nepal-China border in the Khumbu region, Lhotse is at 8516m ranked 4th highest in the list. Lhotse is Tibetan for “South-Peak. Connected to the Everest at the South Col, it is popular for close proximity of the Everest. It is also mostly mistaken as south peak of the Everest massif. Lhotse has three major summits viz. Lhotse Main, Lhotse shar and Lhotse east.It was first escalated by Swiss Luchsinger and Reiss in 1956.
Kanchenjunga is the third highest peak in the world at 8586m. Kanchenjunga means “The Five treasures of snow”. It contains five peaks and each peak is believed to represent gold, silver, gem, grain and holy books. The mountain is sacred to the Kirat religion and is located on the Nepal-India boundary. It was first mounted by Englishmen Band, Brown, Hardy and Streather in 1955
The highest point in the Karakoram Range is Mount K2 and is also popularly known as “Savage Mountain”. It lies in the Pakistan-China Border at 8611m. It is one of the most difficult mountains in the 8000 meters category and has the casualty rate of 25% only 2nd to Annapurna. K2’s weather conditions are notorious for its changeability. It was first ascended by Italian Compagnoni and Lacedelli in 1954.
1: The Everest
Mt. Everest is the highest peak in the planet Earth measured above the sea level. Mt. Everest arises on the border line of Nepal and Tibet. Mahalangur range of the Himalayas is the home location of the Everest. The 1955 height of Everest was revised on 1999, and now stands at 8,850m. However, it is not officially recognized by Nepal and official height is 8848m. The magnificent Everest has caught the fantasies of trekker from all over the world. The Nepali name of the Mount Everest is ‘Sagarmatha” and Tibetan name is “Chomolungma”. Mt. Everest located in Nepal was first conquered by Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa in 1953.